James Gustave (Gus) Speth, is Professor of Law at Vermont Law School in Royalton, Vermont as well as a Distinguished Senior Fellow at Demos. Until his retirement in 2009, he served as Carl W. Knobloch, Jr. Dean of the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies and Sara Shallenberger Brown Professor in the Practice of Environmental Policy. From 1993 to 1999, Speth served as administrator of the United Nations Development Programme and chair of the UN Development Group. Prior to his service at the UN, he was founder and president of the World Resources Institute; professor of law at Georgetown University; chairman of the U.S. Council on Environmental Quality; and senior attorney and co-founder, Natural Resources Defense Council. Throughout his career, Speth has provided leadership and entrepreneurial initiatives to many task forces and committees whose roles have been to combat environmental degradation, including the President's Task Force on Global Resources and Environment; the Western Hemisphere Dialogue on Environment and Development; and the National Commission on the Environment.